Ayurveda means ‘Science of Life’. It deals with each and every aspect of human life. It’s first objective is to maintain the health and happiness while the next is to manage and restore the status of health and productive state of mind. Ayurveda offers wonderful tools for better life style. It gives equal importance to our body, mind and soul ; therefore works with holistic approach. it is the traditional medical system of India. Its origin dates back an estimated 5-10,000 years and it is widely considered to be the oldest form of health care in the world. This science deals with our daily lifestyle. Its ancient science teach us how to prevent a disease and wellness will be maintain in day today’s life.
Health preventive measures include diet , practice and regimen during a day [ Dincharya ], Night [ Ratricharya ], Different Season [ Rutucharya ] and code of conduct . seasonal and appropriate use of panchkarma and Rasayan are also important to prevention of disease .
Dincharya means our daily regimen refers to a healthy and sustainable pattern of lifestyle.
Our body has many inbuilt rhythms or cycles. Most of our body functions follow a daily Cycle. Like our body weight fluctuate during a day and maximum in the evening. Our body temperature is highest in the evening and our hormones have their well defined periods of high and low secretions during the day and most obvious of all is the sleep-wake cycle. Therefore intrinsically the emphasis of Ayurveda is on natural cycles . In order to optimally healthy, one should tune the body to the natures master Cycle . to achieve this , Ayurveda prescribe a specific routine in general and also on psychosomatic constitution of an individuals. This includes waking up early in the morning , excretion of bio waste, taking care of oral hygiene , exercise , Massage , Bath ,clothing , eye care ,nasal therapy, sleep etc.
According to Ayurveda our Dosha [ Vaat , Pitta , Kapha ] and Rutu [ Season ] are interlinked . Health affected by natures of the climate as outer environment influence the body. There are various environmental factors like temperature, humidity, wind, rain, clouds, sunlight, atmospheric pressure etc. that effect individuals health. Rutucharya is observance of diet and regimen according to seasonal Changes.
Health and illness
Health or sickness depends on the presence or absence of a balanced state of the total body matrix including the balance between its different constituents. Both the intrinsic and extrinsic factors can cause disturbance in the natural equilibrium giving rise to disease. This loss of equilibrium can happen by dietary indiscrimination, undesirable habits and non-observance of rules of healthy living. Seasonal abnormalities, improper exercise or erratic application of sense organs and incompatible actions of the body and mind can also result in creating disturbance of the existing normal balance. The treatment consists of restoring the balance of disturbed body-mind matrix through regulating diet, correcting life-routine and behavior, administration of drugs and resorting to preventive Panchkarma and Rasayana therapy.
Ayurveda has developed a very vivid analytical description of the stages and events that take place since the causative factors commence to operate till the final manifestation of disease. This gives this system an additional advantage of knowing that possible onset of disease much before the latent symptoms become apparent. This very much enhances the preventive role of this system of medicine by making it possible to take proper and effective steps in advance, to arrest further progress in pathogenesis or to take suitable therapeutic measures to curb the disease in its earliest stage of onset
Ayuvedic approach of diagnosis is very unique and different from conventional medicine. As Ayurveda physician we examines patient and disease both for confirming the diagnosis and status of disease.. we also studies such other factors as the affected bodily tissues, humours, the site at which the disease is located, patient’s resistance and vitality, his daily routine, dietary habits, the gravity of clinical conditions, condition of digestion and details of personal, social, economic and environmental situation of the patient. The diagnosis also involves various other examinations, like- Pulse examination,: Urine examination, Tongue examination etc.
Prakriti: The Unique Identity of Individuals
The concept of prakriti offers an individualized approach for prevention and management of diseases. It is an essential tool of Ayurveda which helps to plan and live healthy life style. It provides information about physical and mental constitution of an individual.
Strength of Ayurveda
Ayurveda offers effective and safe solution for various health problems like Life Style disorders, degenerative conditions, neuro-muscular disorders, allergies etc. Prakriti-based counseling helps to enjoy happy and healthy life. Immuno-modulator approach helps to boost the immunity for prevention of various infections, especially in children.After examine of all above parameters we suggest Diet Management According to Rutucharya , Dincharya to patient and well beings
The term yoga comes from a Sanskrit word which means yoke or union. Traditionally, yoga is a method joining the individual self with the Divine, Universal Spirit, or Cosmic Consciousness. Physical and mental exercises are designed to help achieve this goal, also called self-transcendence or enlightenment.
On the physical level, yoga postures, called asanas, are designed to tone, strengthen, and align the body. These postures are performed to make the spine supple and healthy and to promote blood flow to all the organs, glands, and tissues, keeping all the bodily systems healthy. On the mental level, yoga uses breathing techniques (pranayama ) and meditation (dyana ) to quiet, clarify, and discipline the mind. However, experts are quick to point out that yoga is not a religion, but a way of living with health and peace of mind as its aims
Yoga can also provide the same benefits as any well-designed exercise program, increasing general health and stamina, reducing stress, and improving those conditions brought about by sedentary lifestyles. Yoga has the added advantage of being a low-impact activity that uses only gravity as resistance, which makes it an excellent physical therapy routine; certain yoga postures can be safely used to strengthen and balance all parts of the body.
The meditation and breathing techniques for relaxation could have the opposite effect of stress, reducing blood pressure and other indicators. The benefits of meditation for stress reduction and general health.
Yoga is really worked As stress management. even slight facial expressions can cause changes in the involuntary nervous system; yoga utilizes the mind/body connection. That is, yoga practice contains the central ideas that physical posture and alignment can influence a person's mood and self-esteem, and also that the mind can be used to shape and heal the body. Yoga practitioners claim that the strengthening of mind/body awareness can bring eventual improvements in all facets of a person's life.
Kneel with arms folded. Bend torso toward ground and lower forehead to the floor. Slowlly raise up, switch arms, and repeat.
Lying on stomach, raise head, torso, arms, and legs off the ground and stretch. Arms should be outstretched and pointing towards feet.
Lying on stomach, hold ankles from behind and slowly raise head, torso, and thighs off floor.
Lying on back with knees bent and feet flat on floor, raise pelvis off floor and arch back. Arms should be stretched out on floor with hands grasped.
On hands and knees, move head and buttocks as far left as possible. Inhale as you return center and repeat on the right side.
While kneeling, arch back and bend head back toward feet. Hold heels with hands and exhale while in movement.
On hands and knees, arch back and exhale while in movement, rounding shoulders and back.
Kneeling with arms to the side, roll torso to floor and rest forehead on the ground.
Stretched out on floor with stomach down, place elbows parallel to shoulders and raise torso up. Arms should straighten with hands flat on floor.
Lie on back with feet and arms outstretched. Breathe deeply.
On hands and knees, dip back and lift head and buttocks up. Exhale.
On hands and knees form and inverted V by pushing pelvis up and pressing hands and heels to floor. Exhale while in movement.
Stretched out on floor with stomach down, place elbows parallel to shoulders and raise torso up. Keep arms bent and only raise torso off the ground as far as the navel.
Lying on stomach with hands beneath the body, raise legs one at a time while tensing buttocks. Repeat with other leg.
Sit with legs crossed (only one leg should be over the other) and knees touching the floor.
Standing with feet together, hold hands above the head with arms outstretched. Exhale and stretch to the left. Inhale and return to center. Repeat on other side.
Make a fist around thumb and squeeze. Release slowly and repeat on other hand.
Sitting with right leg outstretched and the left leg bend toward the body with the left foot touching the right leg, stretch head to right knee. Repeat on other side.
On hands and knees, cross left knee in front of right knee while sitting back between the heels. Hold heels with hands.
Lying on back with arms outstretched, place right foot on left knee and swivel right knee to the left side of floor. While in movement, turn head to left side. Repeat on opposite side.
Lying on stomach with hands under the body, squeeze buttocks and lift legs up and outward. Keep legs straight.
Standing with feet together, inhale while raising arms straight above the head and clasp hands together. Exhale while lowering arms
Kneeling, slide the left leg straight out from behind and inhale, stretching torso up. Release and repeat on other side.
Lying on back, inhale and raise legs over head while keeping hands flat on floor for support.
Sitting with legs outstretched and feet together, stretch head to toes.
While standing, exhale and bend over toward toes, cupping elbows with hands. Breathe deeply.
Sitting with legs outstretched in a V shape, stretch arms to toes and head to floor.
With back straight, slowly lift shoulder to ear and lower. Repeat on other side.
Lying on back, lift legs up and support back with hands. Slowly angle legs over head and then extend upward.
Lying on stomach with elbows parallel to shoulders and palms on the ground, push torso up and look upward.
Sitting with right foot crossed over left leg and right leg held with left arm. Twist while supporting body with right hand on the floor. Repeat on other side.
Inhale and step into V position, stretching arms out and then down toward floor.
Standing with arms at sides, inhale and raise arms in front. Exhale and swing arms to back.
While standing, place one foot on the opposite thigh and outstretch arms above the head. Hold hands above with index fingers straight and the remaining fingers clasped.
With arms parallel to floor and legs outstretched, turn one foot out and stretch to that side, keeping arms straight. Repeat on other side.
Lying on stomach with hands down near the chest, lift torso off the floor while raising on toes. Hands should raise, but remain palms down. Arch back slightly.
Raise arms over head with palms together and lunge forward with one foot, keeping thigh parallel to the ground.
With arms straight out and parallel to the ground and legs in V, turn one foot out and lunge to the side, keeping hips straight.
Sitting on heels, round torso to the ground with forehead to the floor while stretching
Mind in tune with the body. The other four deal with different stages of meditation.
There are six major types of yoga, all with the same goals of health and harmony but with varying techniques: hatha, raja, karma, bhakti, jnana, and tantra yoga. Hatha yoga is the most commonly practiced branch of yoga in America, and it is a highly developed system of nearly 200 physical postures, movements and breathing techniques designed to tune the body to its optimal health. The yoga philosophy believes the breath to be the most important facet of health, as the breath is the largest source of prana, or life force, and hatha yoga utilizes pranayama, which literally means the science or control of breathing. Hatha yoga was originally developed as a system to make the body strong and healthy enough to enable mental awareness and spiritual enlightenment.
The other types of yoga show some of the remaining ideas which permeate yoga. Raja yoga strives to bring about mental clarity and discipline through meditation, simplicity, and non-attachment to worldly things and desires. Karma yoga emphasizes charity, service to others, non-aggression and non-harming as means to awareness and peace. Bhakti yoga is the path of devotion and love of God, or Universal Spirit. Jnana yoga is the practice and development of knowledge and wisdom. Finally, tantra yoga is the path of self-awareness through religious rituals, including awareness of sexuality as sacred and vital.
Mind in tune with the body. The other four deal with different stages of meditation.
A typical hatha yoga routine consists of a sequence of physical poses, or asanas, and the sequence is designed to work all parts of the body, with particular emphasis on making the spine supple and healthy and increasing circulation. Hatha yoga asanas utilize three basic movements: forward bends, backward bends, and twisting motions. Each asana is named for a common thing it resembles, like the sun salutation, cobra, locust, plough, bow, eagle, tree, and the head to knee pose, to name a few. Each pose has steps for entering and exiting it, and each posture requires proper form and alignment. A pose is held for some time, depending on its level of difficulty and one's strength and stamina, and the practitioner is also usually aware of when to inhale and exhale at certain points in each posture, as breathing properly is another fundamental aspect of yoga. Breathing should be deep and through the nose. Mental concentration in each position is also very important, which improves awareness, poise and posture. During a yoga routine there is often a position in which to perform meditation, if deep relaxation is one of the goals of the sequence.
Yoga routines can take anywhere from 20 minutes to two or more hours, with one hour being a good time investment to perform a sequence of postures and a meditation.